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dc.contributor.advisorWilliams, Ernest H., Jr.
dc.contributor.authorNieves-Rivera, Ángel Manuel
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-15T11:58:05Z
dc.date.available2018-12-15T11:58:05Z
dc.date.issued2005-05
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11801/1649
dc.description.abstractThis study was subdivided into the chapters listed below, which treated a number of biological aspects of the coastal mycology of Puerto Rico (PR): (1) A review chapter on mangroves and mangrove-associated plants was included for PR. (2) A checklist that contains 604 taxa of fungi is provided. There were 13 new records for PR generated as a result of the studies described herein. (3) Samples of sea foam and senescent leaves of Avicennia germinans and Rhizophora mangle from two communities in an estuary known as Rincón Lagoon in SW PR were assessed for the frequency of occurrence of 8 selected filamentous fungi. Among 12 bags of sea foam and 1296 leaves screened (from February 2002 through January 2003), the samples consist of sporulating fungi and propagules, respectively. A two-way ANOVA performed on 8 filamentous fungi (propagules and spore counts, N = 432) in sea foam and ones isolated from mangrove leaves (colonies in A. germinans, N = 576; in R. mangle, N = 576) showed that variability was significant (p > 0.05). Statistical analysis suggested that date/site and site were significant (p > 0.05), although the date was insignificant (p < 0.05), rejecting the nule hypothesis. (4) Cladosporium oxysporum and C. sphaerospermum were isolated from seawater based on their ability to use the polyaromatic hydrocarbons naphthalene (C10H8) and phenanthrene (C14H10) as a sole carbon and energy source. (5) The planthopper Petrusa marginata excretes a sugary honeydew upon which the fungus Asteridiella sepulta grows in the leaves of A. germinans. The association of A. sepulta and P. marginata had not been noted. (6) Field surveys in SW PR, and SW Florida (U.S.A.) from July 2001 throughout 2003, yielded 14 spp. of manglicolous basidiomycetes of which 4 were new records. (7) Stemonitis splendens is reported on R. mangle. This was the first report of this myxomycete on mangroves in the Caribbean and the fifth report from R. mangle. (8) Aquatic fungi were isolated from several subtrates from a river mouth estuary Manatí River, N of PR. Finally, (9) a bibliography on coastal and marine biology primarily mycological in orientation is presented.en_US
dc.description.abstractEste estudio fue subdivido en los capítulos listados debajo y trató varios aspectos biológicos de la micología costera de Puerto Rico (PR): (1) Se incluye un capítulo de revisión en mangles y plantas asociadas a los mangles para PR. (2) Se provee una lista que contiene 604 taxones de hongos. Se encontraron 13 nuevos registros para PR generados como resultado de los estudios aquí descritos. (3) Muestras de espuma marina y hojas seniles de Avicennia germinans y Rhizophora mangle de dos comunidades en un estuario conocido como la Laguna Rincón en el SO de PR fueron evaluados en frecuencia de ocurrencia de 8 hongos filamentosos selectos. De entre las 12 bolsas de espuma marina y 1296 hojas muestreadas (desde febrero 2002 hasta enero 2003), las muestras consisten de hongos esporulantes y propágalos, respectivamente. Una ANOVA de dos vías que se hizo a los 8 hongos filamentosos (conteo de propágulos y esporas, N = 432) en espuma marina y para los aislados de hojas de mangle (colonias en A. germinans, N = 576; en R. mangle, N = 576) mostró que la variabilidad fue significativa (p > 0.05). El análisis estadístico sugirió que la fecha/lugar y el lugar fueron significativos (p > 0.05), aunque la fecha fue insignificante (p < 0.05), rechazando la hipótesis nula. (4) Cladosporium oxysporum y C. sphaerospermum fueron aislados de agua de mar basándose en su habilidad de usar los hidrocarburos poliaromáticos nafataleno (C10H8) y fenantreno (C14H10) como fuentes de carbono y de energía. (5) El saltahojas Petrusa marginata excreta una secreción azucarada sobre la cual crece el hongo Asteridiella sepulta en la superficie de las hojas de A. germinans. La asociación de A. sepulta con P. marginata es poco conocida. (6) Los reconocimientos de campo en el SO de PR, y el SO de la Florida (U.S.A.) durante julio de 2001 y a través de 2003, produjeron 14 spp. de basidiomicetos manglícolas de los cuales 4 son nuevos registros. (7) Se informa a Stemonitis splendens en R. mangle. Este es el primer informe de este mixomiceto en mangles en el Caribe y el quinto informe en R. mangle. (8) Se aislaron hongos acuáticos de varios sustratos de la boca de río del estuario Río Manatí, al N de PR. Finalmente, (9) se presenta una bibliografía sobre la biología costera y marina con una orientación principalmente micológica.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSea Grant College Program of the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez; Hispanic Scholarship Fund; Puerto Rico Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR); University of Puerto Rico Alliance for the Graduate Education and the Professorate Fellowship (Grant No. NSF/AGEP–HRD # 0302696); Institute of Marine Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources; Boquerón Wildlife Refuge, Mona Island, Mayagüez Regional, and San Juan Offices; USDA-Forest Service, Sabana Station, Luquillo; University of Arkansas at Fayetteville; University of Massachusetts at Amherst; University of Oslo, Norway; Washington State University, Pullman; USDA-ARS, Maryland; USDA, Institute of Tropical Forestry, Río Piedras; USDA-ARS, Southern Regional Research Center, Louisiana; CABI Bioscience, Surrey; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Cryptogamic Herbarium, The University of Hong Kong, China; National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Thailand; Entomology, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, California; USDA, ARS Systematic Entomology Laboratory, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missourien_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectRed mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) – Filamentous fungi – Presence of - Rincón Bay (P.R.)en_US
dc.subjectAvicennia germinans - Filamentous fungi – Presence of - Rincón Bay (P.R.)en_US
dc.subjectAquatic mycology - Rincón Bay (P.R.)en_US
dc.subject.lcshMarine fungi--Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.subject.lcshMycologyen_US
dc.titleCoastal mycology of Puerto Rico: A survey and biological aspects of marine, estuarine, and mangrove fungien_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll rights reserveden_US
dc.rights.holder(c) 2005 Ángel Manuel Nieves-Riveraen_US
dc.contributor.committeeZaidi, Baqar R.
dc.contributor.committeeArmstrong, Roy A.
dc.contributor.committeeGonzález-Lagoa, Juan G.
dc.contributor.committeeAponte, Nilsa E.
dc.contributor.representativeBunkley-Williams, Lucy
thesis.degree.levelPh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMarine Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.collegeCollege of Arts and Sciences - Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Marine Sciencesen_US
dc.description.graduationSemesterSpringen_US
dc.description.graduationYear2005en_US


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