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dc.contributor.advisorLinares-Ramírez, Angela M.
dc.contributor.authorAltema, Rose F.
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-15T12:10:02Z
dc.date.available2019-04-15T12:10:02Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-11
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/handle/20.500.11801/1919
dc.description.abstractSweet chili pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) is one of the principal components of the local cuisine of Puerto Rico. Considering the scarcity of land appropriate for field production in mountainous areas of Puerto Rico, soilless alternatives for production of sweet chili pepper should be considered. This study evaluated five substrates (1) PRO-MIX® BX (BX), (2) PRO-MIX® BX + Mycorrhizae (BX+Myco), (3) Coconut fiber (COCO), (4) PRO-MIX® High porosity + Mycorrhizae (HP+Myco) and (5) PRO-MIX® High porosity + Mycorrhizae + Biofungicide (HP+Myco+Fung) with the potential of being used in container production of sweet chili pepper in Puerto Rico, and four new cultivars of sweet chili pepper (‘Bonanza’, ‘Carnaval’, ‘Amanecer’ and ‘Pasión’). Two plantings (Experiment I and II) using a factorial design (5 substrates x 4 cultivars) were carried out in 2017 and 2018. In general, differences between substrates were not affected by cultivar; substrate x cultivar interactions were either ordered or not significant. Plants in Experiment II were much more productive. The best substrates or cultivars in Experiment I were not always the best substrates or cultivars in Experiment II. BX produced plants with the highest number of fruits and fruit weight per plant and the largest average fruit weight in Experiment I, while BX, BX+Myco and HP+Myco+Fung produced equally productive plants in Experiment II. ‘Bonanza’ was the most productive cultivar in Experiment I, while ‘Amanecer’ was superior in Experiment II. This research suggests that, based on its lower cost, BX would be a good choice for soilless production of sweet chili pepper. For sweet chili pepper production in pots, ‘Amanecer’ and ‘Bonanza’ would be better cultivar choices than ‘Pasión’ and ‘Carnaval’.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHatch project accession no. 1000526 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture and HATCH-458.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectCapsicum chinenseen_US
dc.subject.lcshCapsicum chinense -- Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.subject.lcshPeppers -- Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.subject.lcshHydroponicsen_US
dc.subject.lcshPlant growing mediaen_US
dc.subject.lcshPeppers -- Growing mediaen_US
dc.titleThe effects of soilless substrates on sweet chili pepper growth and production.en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll rights reserveden_US
dc.rights.holder(C) 2018 Rose Frethude Altemaen_US
dc.contributor.committeeWessel-Beaver, Linda
dc.contributor.committeeGonzález Gill, Lizzette
dc.contributor.representativeHarmsen, Eric
thesis.degree.levelM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAgronomyen_US
dc.contributor.collegeCollege of Agricultural Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Crops and Agro-Environmental Sciencesen_US
dc.description.graduationSemesterSpringen_US
dc.description.graduationYear2019en_US


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    Items included under this collection are theses, dissertations, and project reports submitted as a requirement for completing a degree at UPR-Mayagüez.

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