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dc.contributor.advisorGuevara-Guillén, José O.
dc.contributor.authorAvilés-Nieves, Eduardo
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-12T19:58:53Z
dc.date.available2018-09-12T19:58:53Z
dc.date.issued2017-05
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11801/860
dc.description.abstractThis thesis presents the results of the design of residential housing using welded wire mesh reinforcement (WWR) and the lineal evaluation of the shear walls reinforced with WWR under dynamic loadings. Typical residential structures in Puerto Rico with concrete shear walls to resist lateral loads were chosen to evaluate the behavior of these walls. Six (6) structures were chosen: two (2) structures with only one floor, two (2) structures with two stories and two (2) structures with three (3) stories. The main structural components to resist lateral loads on the structure are the concrete shear walls in both directions. The objective of this study is to use welded wire fabric (WWF) reinforcement in the design of structural elements on the structures such as: concrete slabs, shear walls, wall footings. As matter of comparison, the design was performed using conventional steel. Once the design was completed, a dynamic loading was performed, using seven (7) time-histories of different seismic events to understand the behavior of the shear walls. Structural analysis was performed using Extended Three-dimensional Analysis of Building Systems (Etabs) software and the loads considered in the analysis were dead, live, and seismic and wind loads based on the Puerto Rico Building Code which used the International Building Code 2009. Results from the analysis performed for all applicable load combinations and the most critical combinations were used to perform the design of all structural elements using wire mesh and conventional reinforcement. Per stresses from the dynamic analysis the structures designed with shear walls on both directions do not exceed the linear range, however the buildings with reduced amount of shear walls combined with block walls may go beyond the linear range and further non-linear evaluation is needed or regular steel reinforcement can be used for these cases. For future studies, it is recommended to evaluate structures that did have shear walls but are combined with masonry walls to determine whether or not can perform well due to the fact that the reduced ductility of walls designed using WWR compared with regular reinforcement.en_US
dc.description.abstractEsta tesis presenta el diseño de residencias típicas en Puerto Rico usando paredes estructurales reforzadas con mallas de alambre soldado (WWF, por sus siglas en inglés) y evalúa el comportamiento no-lineal durante cargas dinámicas. Seis (6) estructuras se escogieron: dos (2) estructuras de un nivel, dos (2) estructuras de dos (2) niveles y dos (2) estructuras de tres (3) niveles. El elemento estructural principal de las estructuras son las paredes de cortante en ambas direcciones. El objetivo principal de este estudio es usar el refuerzo de mallas en el diseño de elementos estructurales como losas, paredes y fundaciones continuas. A modo de comparación, el mismo diseño se realizará usando el acero convencional. También, se realizó el análisis dinámico usando siete (7) registros de aceleración de diferentes eventos sísmicos para así entender el comportamiento de las paredes de cortante en las estructuras. El análisis estructural se realizó utilizando el programa de análisis tri-dimensional extendido de sistemas de edificios por sus siglas en ingles “Etabs” y las cargas consideradas fueron muertas, vivas, cargas de viento y terremoto de acuerdo al código de Puerto Rico que hace referencia al Código Internacional de Edificios del 2009. Del análisis se utilizaron los resultados de todas las combinaciones de cargas aplicables y se escogió la combinación más crítica para realizar el diseño de los elementos estructurales usando mallas y acero como refuerzo. Del análisis dinámico en las estructuras diseñadas con paredes de cortante en ambas direcciones se determinó que las mismas no exceden el rango lineal, sin embargo las estructuras con pocas paredes de cortante combinadas con paredes de bloques pudieran exceder el rango lineal y se requeriría una evaluación no-lineal o de lo contrario usar acero regular en estos casos. Para futuros estudios, se recomienda evaluar las estructuras con paredes de carga y paredes de bloques para determinar si pueden trabajar bien o no debido a la reducción en ductilidad de las paredes diseñadas con WWF si se comparan con refuerzo regular.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectResidential housingen_US
dc.subjectWelded wire mesh reinforcementen_US
dc.subjectShear walls reinforceden_US
dc.subject.lcshWire nettingen_US
dc.subject.lcshShear wallsen_US
dc.subject.lcshLateral loadsen_US
dc.titleDesign of residential housing using welded wire mesh reinforcement and linear evaluation of the walls under dynamic loadingsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll rights reserveden_US
dc.rights.holder(c) 2017 Eduardo Avilés Nievesen_US
dc.contributor.committeeSuárez Colche, Luis E.
dc.contributor.committeeLópez Rodríguez, Ricardo R.
dc.contributor.representativeHuérfano Moreno, Victor
thesis.degree.levelM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.collegeCollege of Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Civil Engineeringen_US
dc.description.graduationYear2017en_US


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